What's Happening?

Central Virginia Battlefields Trust is pleased to announce a successful completion of fundraising $24,500 to support American Battlefield Trust (ABT)  in the preservation of 36 acres of The Wilderness Battlefield at the site of General Battle’s Counterattack! Earlier this year, President David Duncan from ABT called to see if CVBT could help with the final fundraising for this piece of battleground. Confident in the support of our Preservation Partners, CVBT’s President Tom Van Winkle said “yes.”

 

Today, we celebrate YOUR VICTORY and success, helping to close the fundraising gap and ensure that this piece of The Wilderness and the stories connected to the land can be preserved forever.

 

CVBT President Tom Van Winkle stated, “Again, our Partners in Preservation have stepped up and pledged their support for saving our Nation’s history. If it is solely a CVBT project, or a multi-organizational project, it matters not as we need to all work in harmony. What does matter is the battlefield is preserved. My thanks to all.”

 

American Battlefield Trust is handling the details of closing purchase for preservation and will announce further details at a later date. At this time, we thank you for making a difference and ensuring that local and national preservation groups could work together in this exciting project.

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THESE 36 ACRES & THE BATTLE OF THE WILDERNESS

In the opening battle of the Overland Campaign, the Federal V Corps pushed down the Orange Turnpike on May 5, 1864, meeting Confederate resistance as General Robert E. Lee hustled divisions into defensive positions. Brigadier General Joseph Bartlett’s brigade from Griffin’s Division lined up along the turnpike on the east side of a piece of open ground called Saunders’ Field. Bartlett’s brigade in the field that day included the 20th Maine, 18th Massachusetts, 1st Michigan, 44th New York, 83rd Pennsylvania, and 118th Pennsylvania. Battle-tested and historically famed for their defense of Little Round Top at Gettysburg, the brigade waited. According to Samuel L. Miller, a veteran historian of the 20th Maine: “When the order was given to advance all three brigades started on the double-quick with a yell, driving the enemy in confusion back upon his reserves.”

 

The charge plunged across the field under heavy fire and crashed through the Confederate lines held by General Jones’s Virginians in the Second Corps near the crest of the high ground on the south side of the turnpike. In the Confederate rear reserve, Brigadier General Cullen A. Battle readied his command of Alabama regiments, the 5th, 3rd, 6th, 61st, and 12th. His men positioned on the northern side of the road (across the exact tract of land that we need to preserve) and ready to maneuver in an agile line of battle According to a soldier in the 3rd Alabama: “Orders were given for regimental commanders to move up rapidly to the crest of the hill and hold it at all hazards in case Jones gave way. The woods in front were so thick that it was impossible to see more than 20 steps from our line, and all thought that General Jones held the crest of the hill. Our enemy soon hurled a heavy column against General Jones, sweeping down on his flanks and it became evident that he was pressing our men back. At this juncture, Battle’s brigade moved up at a double-quick.”

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Confederate General C.A. Battle

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Union General J. J. Bartlett

Surprised to find Jones’s men scurrying in retreat, the majority of the Alabama Brigade swung like a door, sweeping across the Orange Turnpike and slamming into the advancing regiments of Bartlett’s brigade. The 6th and 61st Alabama near the center of the Confederate line captured two artillery pieces and many prisoners. 

 

Unsupported and stopped by Alabamians’ maneuver, Bartlett’s brigade found itself outflanked as well and were forced to fall back, leaving the high ground at Saunder’s Field in Confederate hands. Other Confederate units rallied, trying to block the escape of Union companies that had been separated. One 15-man company of the 20th Maine screeched “Surrender” to their enemies and charged back through the earthworks to reach their side of the field and fighting lines. General Bartlett himself was nearly killed when he tried to jump his horse over the Confederate earthworks during his retreat; enemy bullets felled the horse, but the general survived and staggered back toward his regiments in the field.

 

Though the Union attack’s coordination disintegrated in action, Bartlett’s brigade had pierced the Confederate lines and might have gained further ground except for the arrival of Battle’s Alabamians. The fighting over and around Saunders’ Field continued to rage through the rest of May 5th and into the 6th before both armies started maneuvering south for the next chapter of the Overland Campaign.

 

As you examine the enclosed map provided by the American Battlefield Trust, you’ll see that this 36-acre tract of core battlefield land is where General Battle’s Alabamians started on their swinging maneuver that blocked Bartlett’s advance along the turnpike. National Park historian Bert Dunkerly has observed: “The acquisition of this land would preserve the site of a Confederate counterattack, where no doubt casualties occurred. It would also help protect the western boundary of the National Park Service property along Route 20 from development.”

 

Thank you for helping CVBT raise the committed-to $24,500 to help save this piece of historic battlefield.

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About Wilderness

The opening battle of Grant’s sustained offensive against the Confederate Army of Northern Virginia, known as the Overland Campaign, was fought at the Wilderness, May 5-7. May 6 at noon, a devastating Confederate flank attack in Hamilton’s Thicket sputtered out when Lt. Gen. James Longstreet was wounded by his own men almost exactly a year after "Stonewall" Jackson's wounding in the same manner.

Wilderness Civil War Battlefields

Battlefield Ground Saved

18 acres

Grant's Knoll - Two tracts, 2001 & 2007

81.7 acres

Wilderness Crossroads II, 2012

93 acres

Wilderness Crossroads 2009

Historical Significance

Grant's Knoll I

6 acres 2001

On May 4, 1864, Lieutenant General Ulysses S. Grant established his headquarters in this area during his first confrontation with General Robert E. Lee and the Army of Northern Virginia.

Grant's Knoll II

As an added bonus, this ground also has links to the American Revolution. In the summer of 1781, the Marquis de Lafayette carefully evaded a powerful British force under Lord Cornwallis. He camped his relatively small force on this high ground, later reporting how they spent the night with weapons primed.

Wilderness Crossroads

93 acres 2010

One of the historic roads across this property is the old Orange Turnpike, which runs to the southwest, toward Elwood, the Colonial period home that served as General Warren’s Fifth Corps headquarters.  The other road is the original Plank Road that extends southeast to Brock Road and its intersection with Orange Plank Road, which became the storm center of the Wilderness fighting.

Wilderness Crossroads II

81 acres 2012

This land includes the site of the historic Wilderness Tavern. Its grounds were the site of the Confederate 2nd Corps field hospital in 1863 and where Stonewall Jackson had his left arm amputated. During the Wilderness campaign, Generals George Meade and Ulysses S. Grant were present here.

Wilderness Battlefields